Sports injuries are the major injuries to the ankle. However, non-athletes can also experience this problem. For example, you can feel pain or sprain your ankle from walking on irregular surfaces.
What Causes Ankle Injuries?
Ankle injuries result from twists. The twist may shift the ankle from its normal position resulting from wearing the wrong footwear or:
- Tripping or falling
- Clumsy landing on your feet
- Walking or running on misshapen earth
- Twisting or rotation
- Rolling the ankle
Types of an ankle issue
Sport is the common cause of ankle sprains. Sport causes injuries or accidents during activities. However, you may still face the same fate without being athletic. For example, you can step wrongly on a staircase, curb, or uneven surface or bump into an obstacle causing issues on your ankle and resulting in excruciating pain. Spring injury damages the ankle ligaments by stretching or shifting from their normal movement space. The injury can result in a microscopic tear or rupture of the ligament.
Inversion Ankle Sprain
Many people are familiar with the inversion ankle sprain. The injury results from the inward rolling or twisting of your ankle, leading to inversion. The result stretches the lateral and outside ligament around the ankle leading to deliberating pain. More than 80% of ankle injuries are inversion sprains which can last for months.
Eversion Ankle Sprain
Eversion is the opposite of inversion. Eversion injury results from twisting your ankle outward. The issue damages stable ligaments like the medial and deltoid ligaments. These issues are more concerning than their counterpart. The injury constitutes 10% of ankle injuries and takes a few days to heal fully.
Syndesmotic Ankle Sprain
A syndesmotic ankle injury results from damaged syndesmotic ligaments. The injury is also referred to as a high-ankle sprain caused by twisting the foot or lower leg outward, which externally rotates, causing ligament injuries. The injury happens in the syndesmotic ligaments linking the fibula and tibia. Most footballers face this injury, which takes a few weeks to recover.
Fractures are painful injuries resulting from broken ankle bones. The ankle joint faces different fracture injuries. The injury can be significant across many bones or a small break on a single bone. The injury makes it impossible to walk on the ankle, and the pain is excruciating. Fractures do not only cause broken bones but are also accompanied by injuries on the neighboring ligaments keeping the ankle bones and joints in place. The case may require surgery, depending on the severity of the injury. You will be unable to use the ankle until full recovery.
A dislocation is an injury that causes a shift or flexing on the outside of the ankle. The injury results from a strong force moving the ankle out of motion range, causing significant damage to the ankle. In addition, dislocation is associated with fractures affecting more ankle bones resulting from the force impacted on the ankle leading to dislocation. Usually, the doctor diagnoses the case with surgery using screws and plates to stabilize the ankle joint and in a fixed motion. The recovery phase may take more than 10 weeks for a full recovery.
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